Simplifying Mobile Test Automation with Appium Desired Capabilities

Simplifying Mobile Test Automation with Appium Desired Capabilities

Have you had enough of the difficulties associated with automating mobile tests? Do you have trouble efficiently streamlining the process? Appium Desired Capabilities: Simplifying Mobile Test Automation may be the answer you’ve been looking for.

Simply put, Appium Desired Capabilities enable testers to create mobile app automation sessions easily. By utilizing these capabilities, testers may easily establish the platform, device, and app-specific configurations needed for effective testing procedures, ultimately increasing productivity and decreasing manual labor.

However, these features provide more benefits than convenience. They promise improved reliability, scalability, and interoperability across several platforms and devices, marking a paradigm shift in mobile test automation. Using Appium Desired Capabilities, dive deeper into mobile test automation to open new avenues and improve your automation testing techniques. Examine professional opinions and valuable advice to fully utilize Appium Desired Capabilities, opening the door to streamlined and effective mobile test automation processes.

What is Appium?

Appium is a free automation tool initially developed for testing mobile applications. This library’s feature-richness allows testers to automate testing across various mobile platforms like iOS and Android using the same API (Application Programming Interface). Appium is amazing for developers and testers, functioning with different programming languages to support various languages like Java, Python, JavaScript, Ruby, and many more.

Appium can automate IPA, APP, and web applications for mobile devices using WebDriver protocol. It happens to be one of its main advantages. Using the WebDriver interface, it talks to mobile devices or simulators/emulators to let testers build automation scripts that replicate the users’ actions. Among these are tapping, swiping, typing, and so on.

Appium makes the mobile development platform easy with its adaptable cross-platform feature, ability to support different programming languages, and integration with frameworks for testing. It provides an effective approach to ensure the mobile app’s function, usability, and running well on all hardware and operating systems.

Appium Desired Capabilities

A popular idea in automation testing frameworks such as Selenium and Appium is Desired Capabilities. These are a collection of key-value pairs that specify the features or attributes of the testing environment where the automation scripts will operate.

Desired Capabilities are used in the Appium context to give the Appium server configuration information about the device, application, and automation session. The platform name (iOS or Android), platform version, device name, application package, application activity, and other settings required to establish a connection between the Appium server and the mobile device or emulator are all specified by these capabilities.

Below is a summary of some of the most often utilized Appium desired capabilities:

1.Platform Name

This feature indicates which mobile platform—iOS or Android—the automation script will communicate with. It assists Appium in determining the kind of emulator or mobile device to connect to and carry out the automated duties appropriately.

2.Platform Version

The automation script’s target mobile platform version (iOS or Android) is specified by the Platform Version capability. It enables Appium to comprehend the precise operating system version executing on the device or emulator for compatibility and appropriate communication.

3.Device Name

The device Name field shows the name of the mobile device or emulator that the automation script plans to employ. With this feature, Appium can distinguish one particular device from a group of connected devices or emulators and adjust automation commands accordingly.

4.App Package

The App Package capability specifies the package name of the Android application being tested. It is required to launch and interact with the application during the automation process and serves as a unique identifier on the device.

5.App Activity

Regarding Android automation, the App Activity capability specifies which application activity the automation script should start the testing session with. For testing reasons, it facilitates Appium’s navigation to the desired screen or feature within the application.

6.Bundle ID

In iOS automation, Bundle ID (Bundle Identifier) is used to specify the specific identifier of the program being tested. The Bundle ID is crucial for automation operations and serves as a unique identifier for the iOS program loaded on the device, much like the App Package in Android.

7.Automation Name

Users can designate the automation backend to be used with the Automation Name feature during the testing session. Appium is compatible with automation backends, including XCUITest for iOS and UiAutomator2 for Android. Testers can use this capability to select the best automation framework for their needs.

8.Other settings

In addition to the previously mentioned features, other settings can be designated as Desired Capabilities. These include browserName for web testing scenarios, appium-version for indicating the Appium server version, and other custom settings pertinent to the automation environment and requirements.

9.UDID (Unique Device Identifier)

Every iOS device has a unique identification called a UDID. The UDID capability in iOS automation indicates the specific device identifier to which the script should connect. This feature aids Appium in focusing testing efforts on a particular iOS device among several linked devices.

10.New Command Timeout

This feature allows you to configure the maximum number of seconds (in seconds) for which the Appium server will wait for a new command from the client before concluding that the session has become idle and terminating. During automation testing, it facilitates the management of session timeouts.


The device or emulator’s initial orientation (landscape or portrait) at the beginning of the automation session is specified by the Orientation capability. It helps confirm the responsiveness and layout consistency across various orientations and guarantees that the application is evaluated in the intended orientation.


When the AutoWebview functionality for hybrid mobile applications is enabled, Appium is directed to automatically transition to the web view context if the application has a web view component. It makes it easy for testers to automate the testing of online and native components.

Customizing Desired Capabilities for Specific Testing Scenarios

One of the most critical parts of using Appium for mobile automation testing is customizing Desired Capabilities for particular testing scenarios. Testers can maximize the testing process and guarantee accurate and dependable results by modifying the Desired Capabilities in accordance with the specific requirements of each testing scenario. To tailor Desired Capabilities to certain testing scenarios, follow these steps:

1.Platform and Platform Version

Indicate the platform version and operating system your program supports (Android or iOS). It guarantees that during testing, Appium will communicate with the appropriate platform and version.

2.Device Name and UDID

Give the name or UDID of the device or emulator you wish to test on. (Unique Device Identifier). It is especially crucial when conducting tests on real devices or utilizing numerous devices or emulators.

3.App Package and App Activity (for Android)

Specify the Android program that is being tested, including its package name and activity name. It facilitates the proper application launch and navigation to the relevant activity for testing in Appium.

4.Bundle ID (for iOS)

Indicate the iOS application’s bundle identifier that is being tested. By doing this, Appium is guaranteed to automate the proper iOS program installed on the device.

5.Automation Name

Select the suitable automation backend based on the platform and testing requirements (e.g., XCUITest for iOS, UiAutomator2 for Android). Choose the automation backend that best meets your needs from the various available options.


To ensure that your application is tested properly, set the device or emulator’s initial orientation (landscape or portrait). It guarantees uniform testing for various orientations.

7.Appium Server Version

To guarantee compatibility with your automation scripts and testing framework, specify the Appium server version.


To manage the maximum wait time for new commands during the automation session, modify the timeout parameters, such as New Command Timeout. It keeps session timeouts under control and guarantees that automation scripts run without hiccups.

Handling Platform-Specific Capabilities

Managing platform-specific features is crucial to guaranteeing successful and productive Appium mobile automated testing. Desired Capabilities should be configured appropriately because mobile applications frequently have various requirements and behaviors depending on the platform they are running on (iOS and Android, for example). Here’s how platform-specific capabilities should be handled:

1.Identify Platform

Choose the platform (iOS or Android) used to test your application. Setting up platform-specific features requires the knowledge of this unique information.

2.Define Platform-specific Capabilities

Determine which capabilities are unique to the identified platform. For instance:

For Android:

  • Utilize the “platformName” feature with “Android” selected.
  • Change “deviceName” to the name of the emulator or Android device.
  • To specify the Android application package and activity, type “appPackage” and “appActivity”.
  • Select a suitable automation backend, like “UiAutomator2”.

For iOS:

  • Utilize the “platformName” feature with “iOS” selected.
  • Change “deviceName” to the name of the simulator or iOS device.
  • Enter “bundleId” to find the bundle identifier of the iOS application.
  • Select a suitable automation backend, like “XCUITest”.

3.Conditional Configuration

Apply conditional setup according to the platform under test. Using programming techniques, your test automation scripts can dynamically set platform-specific capabilities based on runtime situations.

4.Parameterization and Configuration Files

Use parameterisation strategies or configuration files to manage platform-specific features outside of the automation code. It makes maintenance more straightforward and flexibility in establishing capabilities for various situations possible.

5.Reuse Code

Create an automated framework that encourages the reuse of code. Reusable modules or classes can help you abstract away platform-specific configuration details, making it simpler to scale and manage your test suite across several platforms.

6.Cross-platform Testing

Make sure your automation scripts are made to handle cross-platform testing situations if your application supports different platforms. To dynamically modify test cases and interactions according to the platform being tested at the moment, logic may need to be implemented.

7.Testing Environment Management

Effectively manage your testing environments to guarantee dependability and consistency across many platforms. Ensure the tools, drivers, and dependencies needed for the iOS and Android testing environments are set up correctly and accessible.

Integrating third-party services like LambdaTest into mobile test automation significantly enhances testing environment management. With features like cross-platform testing across various devices, real-time testing for interactive debugging, parallel testing to increase efficiency, and seamless integrations with well-known automation frameworks like Appium and Selenium, LambdaTest’s cloud-based platform seamlessly complements Appium Desired Capabilities. The scalability of the platform is in line with Appium Desired Capabilities, guaranteeing testers the resources required for extensive mobile test automation projects. LambdaTest and Appium Desired Capabilities combined allow testers to obtain thorough mobile test coverage, increase productivity, and guarantee the quality of applications on multiple platforms. Better user experiences for mobile applications are eventually the result of this integration, which also increases productivity and encourages collaboration among testing teams.


To sum up, Appium Desired Capabilities simplify configuration across many platforms and devices and provide a streamlined method for mobile test automation. Testers can guarantee accurate automation suited to certain testing circumstances by personalizing Desired Capabilities. Appium is the go-to option for mobile development teams because of its versatility and support for numerous languages. Testing success depends on efficiently managing platform-specific features, which guarantees thorough coverage and trustworthy outcomes. By utilizing Appium Desired Capabilities, testing effectiveness and quality control are increased, eventually improving mobile application user experiences.

zestful Grace